Among the different stakeholders, the health sector plays a key role in any disaster/ emergency situation. Human suffering of all kinds is the foremost concern in disasters. The most important issues that need to be addressed include deaths and injuries due to direct effects of exposure to hazards. In addition, disruption of environment and normal health services, and psychosocial disruptions, due to displacement, livelihoods also needs to be addressed. These effects and resultant human suffering have made disaster management an important aspect in the development/administrative agenda of any community. Further, risk of epidemics such as Dengue and Hepatitis A, and pandemics such as Avian Influenza, Pandemic Influenza, SARS are required to be handled by a process lead by the health sector. Unlike other natural disasters, the health sector has a leading role to play in mitigation and prevention of such disasters.
DPRD acknowledge the supportive role played by the agencies coming under other government ministries, UN agencies, INGOO, NGOO, CBOO, private sector, and other organizations/individuals. Therefore, DPRD will coordinate and carried out the government health services for disaster relief activities with the support of other agencies.
DPRD is having a well-established organizational structure national coordination mechanism to deliver its services. Many other stakeholders such as other government institutions, UN agencies, INGOO, NGOO, CBOO and many private sector organizations are well connected to the DPRD at appropriate points. Disaster response and relief activities too are carried out by different agencies under the Ministry of Health and Provincial Ministries of Health, depending on the nature and the magnitude of the disaster. Current organizational structure has proved to be sufficient in many aspects.
Historically, disaster response has been a predominantly reactive process where activities were carried out with different degrees of planning depending on the circumstances. In addition, with the increasing occurrence of disasters, various organizations including the Ministry of Health developed plans and procedures to overcome. Most of these plans were either institution specific or hazard specific and were implemented more or